The mystery of the origin of Stonehenge’s huge Sarsen stone has been solved. A group of archaeologists succeeded in deciphering decades of mystery by using a missing piece of remains, which was returned 60 years later.
According to archaeologists, these mysterious stones were taken to an area 15 miles (25 kilometers) north of the site near Marlborough. In a conversation with the BBC, Susan Greaney of British Heritage said the discovery was “real excitement.”
The seven-meter-high sarsars weigh about 20 tons. They make up all the fifteen stones of the central horseshoe of Stonehenge and the surrounding stones. It is worth noting that the smaller Stonehitch bluestone can be traced back to Mount Preseli in Wales, but until now, the mystery of Sarsen has not changed.
The return of the core removed from the site during the excavation in 1958 allowed archaeologists to analyze the chemical composition of the core. No one realized this until the 89-year-old Robert Phillips decided to return some of them in 2019. Philips also participated in the excavation work.
The researchers performed X-ray fluorescence tests on all the remaining tendons in Stonehenge, and the results showed that most tendons are similar in chemical composition and come from the same area. The researchers then studied the Sarsen outcrops from Norfolk to Devon and compared the chemical composition of these outcrops with the chemical composition of a returned core.
Professor David Nash of the University of Brighton, who was in charge of this research, said: “It is really fascinating to use the science of the 21st century to understand the past of the Neolithic and finally answer a question that archaeologists have debated for centuries. Excited. It was found that each outcrop had different geochemical characteristics, but there was an opportunity to test the returned core, which allowed us to determine the source area of Stonehenge sarsens.”
Grenie said: “It is exciting to understand the area where Stonehenge’s builders used to source materials around 2500 BC. When we suspected that the Sarsenians of Stonehenge were from the Marlborough hills, we were not sure. And in the Sarsens region of Wiltshire, these stones may come from anywhere. They want to find the largest and strongest stones, so it is possible to transport them as close as possible.”